International Forum of Special Education and Child Development
特殊教育與兒童發展國際論壇 (ISSN 2709-5509)
Effects of Individualized Plyometric Training on Balanced Health-Related Fitness Among Elementary School Students With Moderate Intellectual Disabilities
Yi-Ting Lin, Yung-Ji Sher
Published November 3, 2022; pp. 16–44; PDF download
Students with intellectual disabilities lead to a huge gap with peers in terms of physical fitness and balance performance. This study is aimed to investigate the effects of individualized plyometric training on balance and the health-related fitness for elementary school students with moderate intellectual disabilities. The research design is the A-B-A experimental design of the single subject experimental design. Then, the three participants were recruciated for ten weeks, twice a week, for 40 minutes each time. Action content includes squat jump with the ball, jump up vertically, jump forward and stop, knee lift on one foot, ball squat, double leg butt kick, split leg squat with the ball, squat jump with the ball, scissor jump, single leg straddle and lunge squat jump. The results concluded that the individualized plyometric training has immediate and maintenance effects on the balance ability, and it also has a positive trend of improving physical fitness.
Can Exercise Improve Muscle Tension and Motor Performance of Children With ASD?
Ying-Chen Huang, Yuan-Shuo Chan
Published November 3, 2022; pp. 45–55; PDF download
Recently Studies showed the most of children with autism spectrum disorder suffers from congenital, early onset of delayed motor development, and the early-age muscle tension disorder. It could affect subsequent posture, coordination, balance and other motor abilities. However, there are only a few studies about muscle tension and motor performance of children with ASD. Therefore, this article begins by the developmental factors that affect the muscle tension and motor ability of children with autism. And then discusses the exercise methods that can effectively improve the muscle tension and motor ability of children with autism. It could be a reference for the planning of adapted physical education courses for children with ASD.
Effects of Self-prompting and Recruiting Reinforcement on Pre-vocational Task Accuracy for Students on the Autism Spectrum
Leah R. Fein, Christina A. Rouse-Billman, and Sheila R. Alber-Morgan
Published November 13, 2022; pp. 56–67; PDF download
This study examined the effects of a self-prompting and recruiting reinforcement intervention package on the accuracy of pre-vocational skills for three middle school students on the autism spectrum. Accuracy of pre-vocational and recruiting skills was measured by total number of steps completed correctly out of 10 for each of the three skills. A multiple probe across tasks design showed a functional relation of the intervention package on the number of task steps completed correctly for each participant. Additionally, all three participants achieved generalization of pre-vocational skills to another setting and demonstrated maintenance for up to two months.
Autism in the Media: Perceptions Regarding Portrayals of ASD on Television
Teresa Cardon, Brenda Barrio, Jane Kelley, Yun-Ju Hsiao, Sreeja Atherkode
Published November 3, 2022; pp. 1–15; PDF download
Books, television, and film portray characters with disabilities, and these depictions can serve to educate and inform the public. Nevertheless, the portrayals may also perpetuate stereotypes and inaccuracies. A sequential mixed methods project sought to understand perceptions of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as they are portrayed on television. Results indicated that while watching a television show increased some awareness and understanding of ASD, the most significant contributions were from a personal relationship with someone with ASD. Interviews with autistic individuals revealed that ASD in the media is often not representative of their experiences and promotes stereotypes that could be inaccurate. Ongoing and future media projects must take into account the varied experiences people with ASD have and the importance of including autistics as advisory members for scriptwriting, production, and completion of said projects.